KNEE

The following experienced and skilled OrthoSouth surgeons are available to diagnose and treat your knee pain: 

David G. Brown, MD

+ Knee + Shoulder + Sports Medicine

Claiborne A. Christian, MD

+ General Orthopedics + Knee + Shoulder + Sports Medicine

David A. Deneka, MD

+ Knee + Shoulder + Sports Medicine

Christopher A. Ferguson, MD

+ Joint Replacement + Knee + Shoulder + Sports Medicine

Thomas V. Giel, MD

+ Joint Replacement + Knee + Shoulder + Sports Medicine

Mark S. Harriman, MD

+ General Orthopedics + Knee + Shoulder + Sports Medicine

W. Dean Jameson, MD

+ Foot & Ankle + Knee + Sports Medicine

Timothy Krahn, MD

+ General Orthopedics + Joint Replacement + Knee + Sports Medicine

Marvin R. Leventhal, MD

+ Foot & Ankle + General Orthopedics + Knee + Hip & Pelvis

Robert P. Lonergan, MD

+ Shoulder + Knee + Hip & Pelvis + Sports Medicine

Arsen H. Manugian, MD

+ General Orthopedics + Knee + Shoulder + Sports Medicine

Jared J. Patterson, MD

+ Hip & Pelvis + Joint Replacement + Knee

Jay M. Saenz, MD

+ General Orthopedics + Knee + Shoulder + Sports Medicine

Jean Simard, MD

+ Hip & Pelvis + Joint Replacement + Knee + Shoulder

Owen B. Tabor, Jr., MD

+ General Orthopedics + Joint Replacement + Knee

Stephen M. Waggoner, MD

+ Hip & Pelvis + Joint Replacement + Knee + Spine (Surgery)

Kenneth S. Weiss, MD

+ Knee + Shoulder + Sports Medicine + Work Injury

Andrew J. Wodowski, MD

+ Hip & Pelvis + Joint Replacement + Knee

F. Gregory Wolf, MD

+ Knee + Shoulder + Sports Medicine + General Orthopedics

To view additional board-certified physicians who are qualified to handle a range of knee issues, visit our provider page.

Our physicians treat knee injuries at a number of clinic locations across the Mid-South:

Common Knee Conditions

The knee is comprised of several parts – tendons, ligaments, cartilage, and bone. An injury to any one part will often affect another. Below are some common ailments that affect the knee and treatments options for them.

Arthritis is one of the most common knee ailments that can affect people of different ages. Generally, the main demographic is older, but arthritis can affect people of any age. Arthritis is inflammation in the joint that occurs as a result of cartilage loss. This inflammation can lead to pain, stiffness, and swelling. The pain and swelling make daily activities, such as walking, climbing stairs or getting up from a seated position very difficult. Although there is no cure for arthritis, there are many treatment options.

Causes

Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. In osteoarthritis, wear and tear, joint injury, or infection, lead to the wearing down of cartilage between bones. Eventually, without the soft, slick padding of the cartilage, the bones at the joint end up grinding against each other. Osteoarthritis can also affect the entire joint, including the bones and connective tissues. It can lead to inflammation of the joint lining.

Signs and Symptoms

The most common symptoms of arthritis include:
• Pain
• Stiffness
• Swelling
• Redness
• Restricted movement or range of motion in or around the joint.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of arthritis starts with a physical examination. Your doctor will look for swelling, redness, or warmth in or around the joint area and will observe your range of motion. Imaging studies such as x-rays and sometimes an MRI be used to identify and pinpoint joint problems causing your symptoms.

Treatment

Treatment can vary depending on severity of the arthritis. Over the counter medications, lifestyle modifications, and walking aids can decrease pain from day to day. Prescription medications and physical therapy are often prescribed to manage the pain. Another non-surgical treatment option is cortisone or viscosupplementation injections. When the pain becomes too severe or doesn’t respond to conservative treatment then surgery is recommended. Those surgeries and include partial or total knee replacement. For more information about knee replacement, visit our Joint Replacement page.

There are two menisci in the knee that act as cushions between the femur and tibia and fibula. Meniscal tears are some of the most frequent cartilage injuries in the knee. They are common in athletes but can affect anyone. They can happen from a tackle or knee twisting injury, or from degeneration over time, as seen in older people.

Causes

Meniscus tears are caused when damage occurs to one of the menisci in the knee. A hard and fast twist or other movement commonly performed in contact sports like football, as well as non-contact sports that require jumping, can cause damage to this area. Older athletes are at increased risk for meniscus tears because the meniscus weaken with age.

Symptoms

Symptoms can include popping, pain, stiffness, swelling, or the knee “giving way.”

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of a meniscus tear starts with, and sometimes ends with, a physical exam. Your doctor may move your knee around and observe you squatting or walking. Imaging tests like x-ray and MRI may be used to view the inside of the knee, and in some cases, arthroscopy (a tiny camera inserted into the knee), to examine the location of the injury.

Treatment

Treatment will either be RICE which stands for rest, ice, compression, and elevation, anti-inflammatory medications, bracing, physical therapy, knee injection, or surgery. Surgery options include meniscus repair or partial meniscectomy (removal).

The ACL is in the center of the knee. It connects the anterior (front) tibia to the posterior (back) femur and is responsible for stability of the knee.

Causes

Many ACL injuries occur during sports activities. Changing direction rapidly or landing incorrectly can cause the tear.

Signs and Symptoms

Often when someone injures the ACL, it is accompanied by a “popping” noise and the feeling of the knee giving way out from under the body. Other common signs and symptoms include:
• Pain with swelling
• Loss of full range of motion
• Tenderness along the joint line
• Discomfort while walking

Diagnosis

During your visit, your provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history. During the physical examination, he or she will compare the appearance and feeling of your injured knee to your non-injured knee. Most ligament injuries can be diagnosed with a thorough physical exam, but your doctor may also take some x-rays or MRI to rule out other problems or get a more detailed look at the joint.

Treatment

Depending on a variety of factors, treatment may be surgical or non-surgical. Nonsurgical treatment includes physical therapy and rehabilitation, restorative therapies intended to bring the knee back as close as possible to its pre-injury state. Surgical repair utilizes a substitute graft made of tendon to close the tear.

The knee is a complex joint, and knee pain could be caused by these or a number of other conditions and injuries. For more information regarding common knee injuries and related treatments, please visit  the American Association of Orthopaedic Surgury’s page on Common Knee Injuries.

When to See a Doctor

If you injured your knee forcefully, or experience any of the following along with knee pain, make an appointment to see your physician:

  • Swelling or redness
  • Pain or tenderness with warmth around the joint
  • Significant and regular knee pain
  • Fever

Seek Immediate Care

Go straight to urgent care or the emergency room if you experience any of the following:

  • Your knee appears deformed or kneecap feels out of place
  • You hear a popping noise at the time of your injury
  • You are unable to bear weight on the injured knee
  • You experience intense pain
  • You have sudden swelling